Overview of Digestive Tract Defects

Abnormalities occurring in the structure, position and function of the different parts of the digestive tract are referred to as digestive tract defects.

  • Abnormal positioning and incomplete development of the different digestive organs may result in blocks; defects in the nerves and muscles associated with the digestive tract may interfere with the proper functioning of the digestive system.
  • Abdominal distension and pain in the abdomen are the usual symptoms. Vomiting may be present.
  • Physical examination followed by x-rays help diagnose digestive tract defects.
  • Most birth defects of the digestive tract may require surgical correction.

Congenital digestive tract defects may occur in any part of the digestive tract, from the esophagus to the rectum. Often, the incomplete development may cause obstructions in the digestive tract at places where it is narrowed. Abnormal position of the organs also results in blockages.   Weakness of the muscular walls of the abdominal cavity may cause holes to develop. Congenital megacolon or Hirschsprung’s disease may occur due to the improper development of the nerves associated with the intestines Obstructions in the movement of fecal matter can result in the distension of the abdomen, severe pain and vomiting.

Birth defects of the digestive tract almost always require corrective surgery. Obstructions have to be opened up by surgery. If there are weak spots or holes in the muscular wall, they have to be repaired surgically.

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Yasser Elnahas

MD, PHD, Professor Of CardioVascular Surgery
Dr. Yasser Elnahas, Is an associate Professor of Cardiovascular Surgery. Dr. Elnahas was trained as a fellow At Texas Heart Institute And Mayo Clinic Foundation.Dr. Elnahas is dedicated to educating the general public about different disease conditions and simplifying the medical knowledge in an easy to understand terminology.

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